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An air compressor is a mechanical device that utilizes energy to compress air. It is a device where compressed air is stored for later use.
The page will provide you with all the relevant information about air compressors and the different types!
Table of Contents
- What Is an Air Compressor?
- What Is An Air Compressor Used For?
- Types of Air Compressors
- Why Use An Air Compressor?
- FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Is an Air Compressor?
A compressor converts engine (diesel or gasoline) or electric power into potential power (pressurized air). The compressor has an intake valve that allows ambient air to enter its system and undergo compression.
The compressor typically shuts off when the compressed air in the storage tank reaches the upper-pressure limit (cut-off) and then kicks back on when the air pressure reaches the lower pressure limit (cut-in) to add more air into the tank.
What Is An Air Compressor Used For?
Air compressors are easily found within three different types of markers, allowing their uses to be so diverse and varied. These three are:
- Air compressors at home
- Air compressors in small businesses
- Air compressors in industry
Let’s take a look at these in greater detail!
Air Compressors at Home
Air compressors are often used at home for small DIY projects for fun or profit. People who invest in a compressor for home mostly have a DIY attitude or a willingness to learn. Some of the uses you achieve from having a compressor in your home include:
- Adding pressure to tires
- Cleaning items using the air pressure
- Inflating balloons and balls
- Painting cars and items
- Using pneumatic tools
Air Compressors in Small Businesses
Many small businesses around the world are using pneumatic tools rather than electric ones as they’re lighter and safer to operate. Unlike electric tools, pneumatic ones do not generate a lot of heat and therefore are safer to use for longer periods.
Some of the most common uses of air compressors across small businesses include:
- Car auto shops for painting
- Carpenters for sanding and other applications
- Construction sites for pneumatic drills and hammers
- Dental and medical services
- Small manufacturing firms
- Ski hills to make snow
Air Compressors in Industry
Air compressors are found in many industries for a whole host of reasons. These compressors tend to be massive in size and therefore have a greater capacity, their applications include:
- Cooling and freezing food and beverages in the food industry
- Cement manufacturing plants
- Cutting and welding machinery
- Dairy farmers use them to power their machines
- Operating automated machinery in manufacturing plants
- Operating pneumatic material equipment
- Spraying crops in farms
Types of Air Compressors
Air compressors are typically either positive displacement or dynamic displacement compressors.
Positive Displacement Air Compressors
Positive displacement air compressors force the air into a chamber. The volume of this storage chamber decreases due to the incoming compressed air. An outlet valve is then opened and releases the are. Piston (reciprocating), rotary, and valve compresses are a few positive displacement compressors.
Reciprocating air compressors
Reciprocating air compressors are positive displacement piston-type air compressors that suck in air into a chamber and compress it. Read more about reciprocating air compressors here.
Rotary Screw air compressors
Rotary screw air compressors work by generating compression continuously at the rotary screw drive air end of the compressor. Air enters the unit at the inlet port of one of the two large screws rotating against one another, also known as the rotors or rotary screws. This air then moves down the length of the screws and compresses the air towards the outlet due to the air gaps in the rotors getting smaller and smaller. Read more about rotary screw air compressors here.
Rotary Vane air compressors
Typically an electric motor that rotates the rotary vane shaft, the vanes to draw in free air, and compress it as they rotate, generating compressed air power. Read more about rotary vane air compressors here.
Dynamic Displacement Air Compressors
Dynamic compressors use an impeller that uses centrifugal force to accelerate air and decelerate the captured air before pressurizing it. These compressors use kinetic energy and the two main types are axial flow and centrifugal air compressors.
Axial Flow air compressors
Axial compressors are typically made up of many alternating rows of rotating (rotors) and stationary (stators) blades. The blades are similar to that of an aircraft wing as they have small airfoil cross-sections. Jet engines are actually extremely large examples of axial flow air compressors – in their case using the compression to generate thrust. A bit more than your commercial variety axial flow air compressor!
Read more about axial flow air compressors here.
Centrifugal air compressors
Centrifugal compressors draw air into the center of their rotating impeller using their radial blades. The blades essentially produce a pressure variation very similar to an airfoil of a spinning propeller on an aircraft or wind turbine. The centrifugal compressors are built in stages, and each stage has a part to play in the overall pressure increase of the system. Read more about centrifugal air compressors here.
Why Use An Air Compressor?
First of all, an air compressor is so versatile and can be used for countless jobs. It is compatible with many households and industrial equipment making DIY very easy and fun. They allow you to handle lots of small jobs around your home without the need of calling an expert.
The mightiest reason of all? Air is free!! Air is one of the free tools around and yet few people really appreciate how an air compressor pressurizes your air for use.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Air compressors have many uses, from powering impact wrenches and nailers, to inflating car tires and powering machinery. For more information, visit our What is an Air Compressor Used For? Ultimate List of Various Air Compressor Uses guide!
Air compressors work by forcing air into a container and then by reducing the volume to subsequently increase the pressure. This pressurized air is then stored in a tank and sent downstream to power your air tools. Visit our How Does an Air Compressor Work? Air Compressor 101 guide for more information!
There are various types of air compressors available, including positive displacement and dynamic compressors, which each have their own variations. To learn more about each type of air compressor, please visit our Types Of Air Compressors – Air Compressor Types & Applications guide!
Air compressors are machines that squeeze volumes of gas into smaller volumes to increase the pressure in order to power pneumatic tools and devices. Pumps however are designed to draw and move liquids or gases from one place to another. For more information, please visit our Difference Between Pump and Compressor – Air Pump vs Air Compressor guide!
If you have any questions regarding what air compressors are, please leave a comment below, with a photo if applicable, so that someone can help you!