The Canadian Standards Association.

As defined by the C.S.A. web site: " The Canadian Standards Association is a not-for-profit membership-based association serving business, industry, government and consumers in Canada and the global marketplace.

As a solutions-oriented organization, we work in Canada and around the world to develop standards that address real needs, such as enhancing public safety and health. Advancing the quality of life. Helping to preserve the environment. Facilitating trade.

We help people understand standards through education and information products and services."

The C.S.A. is involved with the testing of, and determining parameters for, various industrial or consumer products.

A product that has been certified by the C.S.A. will have a C.S.A. label or stamp affixed to the item. Without that, there is no guarantee that the product meets the CSA standards.

Consumer or industrial electrical components, for example, require C.S.A. approval prior for use in Canada, along with any applicable hydro-electric certification that may be required.

Companies will often make C.S.A. approval part of their specifications for a specific product which they might want to use as a component in a larger assembly, and for which they wish to have a benchmark of quality or function.

More information on the C.S.A. is available at www.CSA.ca.