On some equipment, the compressed air power valve is sometimes located quite a distance from the cylinder it is powering. This has negative ramifications for the speed of the air cylinder.
The greater the distance between the air cylinder and the supply valve, the more a quick exhaust may be needed.
If it is a double acting cylinder, not only has the new air got to travel from the valve to the cylinder, but the air presently in the air cylinder has to travel back down the exhaust air line to atmosphere.
Since the cylinder exhaust air is being driven out by the inrushing air pushing the cylinder piston to the opposite end, the out flowing air may not move as quickly as the incoming air. This slows the piston movement a bit, more than a bit if the valve is far away, and this reduces the cylinder cycle speed.
On a machine with fast moving parts, a too slow air cylinder can create havoc.
Installing a quick exhaust in the cylinder ports will allow the air, exhausting from the cylinder, to exit the cylinder and the air line right at the cylinder port, rather than having to travel back down the air line to the valve exhaust.
In a single acting cylinder, it is the internal spring that is pushing the piston back to home position when the valve shifts, and air starts to bleed from the cylinder. It can benefit from a quick exhaust installation too. The moving piston has to force the compressed air out of the cylinder and back down the air line to the exhaust on the valve. With a quick exhaust installed in the single cylinder port, when it is time to exhaust the air from the cylinder, the air exits right there. The faster evacuating air doesn't slow the piston being moved by the spring.
When air is flowing into the air cylinder through the quick exhaust, the ball or flap inside the q.e. valve seats on the exhaust port preventing air escaping from there, and the compressed air has full flow access to the cylinder port to begin moving the air cylinder piston.
When the air pressure in the supply line that travels through the Q.E. to the air cylinder begins to lose pressure, the quick exhaust goes to work.
The power valve supplying compressed air to that line has shifted. That same air line is now open to the valve exhaust port. The pressure in the line starts to drop. As the line pressure drops, the ball or flap inside the Q.E. is shifted by the now higher pressure inside the cylinder, the path to the valve exhaust is closed and the path to the quick exhaust is now opened, and this allows the air in the cylinder to flow rapidly out to atmosphere right there at the cylinder port, rather than flowing all the way back down the line to the valve exhaust.
Your air cylinder can cycle much faster as a result.
Mind you, quick exhausts would not normally be installed to make the cylinder action faster, if a flow control were used to slow the cylinder speed.
To increase the cylinder speed with a quick exhaust, yet to reduce the potential for cylinder damage, It then becomes necessary to reduce impact of the load / piston by stopping it externally with a tooling stop or an external shock absorber, either of which should be used to stop a cylinder before it bottoms out inside the barrel in any case.
Some come with instant fittings on the supply port. Some come with integral mufflers, others with a FNPT thread to screw in your own muffler.
Quick exhausts are sold by a huge number of manufacturers, some making theirs out of cast metal, others from composites, or a blend of both.
Need to move an air cylinder faster? Check out quick exhausts. They may be the answer.